Designing the station, Calatrava abandoned the traditional form of the building, on either side of the facade, and created a wallless structure. Its roof has become a key element, providing protection against the weather. The gentle curvature of the roof refers to the lines of the surrounding Cointe hills. The dimensions of the roof are as impressive as 200 meters in length, rising up to 35 meters.
The two most beautiful railway stations in Belgium are in Antwerp and Liege. They share many, the era, the style, the material from which they were built. What connects them is the undoubted artistry of architects who have been able to create unique shapes that are reminiscent of the memory, giving their works world renown.
The building at the Queen's Square Astrid, called by the inhabitants railway of the cathedral, is a pearl of antwerp architecture. This original building, built by the great Bruges architect Louis Delacenserie, was built in the 1895-1905 years. At the request of King Leopold II, the architect inspired the train station in Lucerne and the Pantheon in Rome, so we can not speak of one architectural style, but rather an eclectic mix of styles that allowed to create this magnificent building. Its interior is adorned with over twenty different types of marble and stone. The main hall is more like a palace, not the interior of the railway station.
Summit The huge dome rises to a height of 75 meters. Of the eight smaller towers, six were demolished in the 1950s. Fortunately, they were reconstructed in 2009, with a clock, Antwerp coat of arms and large lion statues. For tourists visiting Antwerp this is a compulsory place.
The splendid train station in Liege impresses with its futuristic shape. Construction of the train station, which was opened 18 September 2009 year-round station, began in 1996. The project was entrusted to one of the greatest architects in the world, Santiago Calatrava. Its aim was to create a train station for the 21st century.
The base for this colossus is 39 steel arches. The train station handles 36 thousands of passengers a day. The cost of this gigantic investment amounted to about 300 million euros. The
BEGUINAGES HOMES OF THE CLOSED BEGUINES COMMUNITY
Beuginages were produced during the Crusade, when many men did not return from the expedition. They were a kind of city in the city. They had their own bakery, a brewery, a nursing home or a church. Beguinage was managed by so-called. Grand Mistress, who organized the everyday life of the beguines. Beguines often consisted of production lances or teaching. They had much in common with the religious sisters. Like they lived in a closed community, they vowed obedience, but not poverty. They sacrificed their lives to God without making religious vows.
BEGUINAGE IN LEUVEN
BEGUINAGE IN KORTRIJK
BEGUINAGE IN GHENT
Rich and aristocratic families of beginners could build their own home in the beguinage or buy it. The poorer beguines rented rooms in such homes and often became service workers. They could also live in the so-called. Convents, built for the money of rich sponsors. Beguines living here were supposed to pray for the donor or his family. Poorer beguines have to work to maintain themselves. Men's beguines equivalents were beghards. However, they prevalence much less often.
Over the centuries, the beguines situation has changed. They had to face many dangers. They came from iconoclasts, then Calvinist governments in Ghent, and the French Revolution. Also the Catholic Church did not always look favorably on the phenomenon of beguines. However, despite these adversities survived several hundred years. The last beguines lived beguinages at the end of the 20th century. Today in beguinages live nuns, as it is in Bruges, or the students in the case of Leuven, and ordinary people.
BEGUINAGE IN ANTWERP
BEGUINAGE IN LIER
BEGUINAGE IN BRUGES
BEGUINAGE IN OUDENAARDE
BEGUINAGE IN DIEST
BEGUINAGE IN MECHELEN
BEGUINAGE IN SINT-TRUIDEN
There are currently 23 beguinages in Belgium, 13 of which are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. They are built in the style typical of the Flemish cultural region and are a valuable testimony to the tradition of the beguines, which developed in the Middle Ages in Northwestern Europe.
Strolling along the narrow alleys of the beguinage is a real pleasure. Silence and seclusion allow you to unwind from the hustle and bustle of the city. You can see the wonderful architecture and feel the magic of these unique places. For many, it will also be the first time they will hear about the beguinagess and the beguines living there.
Stalls-sacral architecture in wood or stone bench clergy, adjustable presbyteries churches (mainly collective and convent) and cathedrals. Places are separated by walls, also they have a high backrest, often stretched over the stalls a canopy and in front of the seats cased kneelers. Stalls spread in the Gothic period (from the thirteenth century.). They were created in the finest Baroque. It is characterized by impressive decorative form. In Belgium, they are still preserved in many churches stalls created by the masters of his time, such as Peeter Verbruggen I. Being the great work of stalls and confessionals can admire the beautiful church of St. Paul in Antwerp. This temple is a sacred art mine. Here you can admire the stunning furniture equipment which are part of the church, richly carved choir stalls, confessionals, beautiful altars and paintings by artists such as Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Jacques Jordanes and many other masters of the paintbrush. This wealth of sacred art in churches located in Antwerp, Bruges and Ghent is a natural thing, because the artists of recognized names today, who are the authors of these works, lived and worked in this area.
Of course, over the centuries many great examples of sacred art at the highest level have been irretrievably destroyed by actions iconoclasts and of the French Revolution and the subsequent progressive secularization of Belgium, which led to the closing of churches and their slow destruction. Fortunately, in recent times, particularly in Flanders, the most important temples, and found in them a work of art, are subjected to continuous renovation. Worse things are in Walloon. An example of which can be great over a thousand years of collegiate St. Cross of Liege, which for twenty years wasting away for lack of money for repairs. Equally glaring example is the monumental symbol of the Liege Church of St. Heart of the Coint closed and decaying for years. Unfortunately, these churches despite its undeniable beauty and historical assets not hide many valuable works of art, so there is no idea what to do with them.
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