Beguines were created during the Crusade, when many men did not return from the expedition. They were a kind of city in the city. They had their own bakery, a brewery, a nursing home or a church. Beguinages were managed by so-called. Grand Mistress, who organized the everyday life of the beguines. Beguines often had to work for a living. They making lace or teaching. There are currently 23 beguinages in Belgium, 13 of which are listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.